Artistic Intent – Why We Are Here
The Producers and Directors all believe that if they make their vision come to life – make the story into a movie – it will be shown in a way that makes the audience see and hear what they created with the same splendor they created. Were they wrong?
Quality Management Basics
If something is managed properly, then there is control over the quality of the items being delivered, and assurance that the end user will be satisfied. Quality Management | Quality Control | Quality Assurance
- Ideas Behind The Checklist
- Routines to Self-Certify – Checklists and Employee Training – Part I
- Routines to Self-Certify – Checklists and Employee Training – Part II
- How to: Manager’s Walk Through
- How to: Manager’s Walk Through – Part 2
- Units of Measurement
- Where to Judge The Auditorium
- 3 Letter Acronyms – KDM, CMS, FLM and more about Encryption
Cinema Basics – Audio
Some say that a movies sound is 50% of the movie. So, it better be good, eh?
Cinema Basics – Picture
Sound has nuance. Picture has a thousand words for nuance. Let's learn some.
Your picture and sound equipment get calibrated according to a schedule that management thinks is appropriate for your facility – sometimes in 6 month or 12 month or 18 month intervals. But we all know that things happen in between. With the right tools, you can become the judge.
Some of our customers use the large speaker systems to know what the actors are saying, some read the words with special "closed caption" equipment...some listen to special tracks on headphones. The equipment is called Accessibility Equipment. We have to understand it and test it to make certain our customer gets the best experience possible.
- The Other-Abled, and You
- Accessibility To Inclusion In Cinema – Prelude
- Promise, Promises and Great Expectations
- The Access Community
- Accommodation, In General
- Accommodation, Open Captions
- Accommodation, Closed Captions
- No Technology Before Its Time
- Industry Coordination
- Different Paths; …and Finally, Results
- DCP Production – Narration and Closed Caption Creation
- Currently Available – “Personal” Closed Caption Solutions
- Specialized Audio Systems for the Blind and Partially Sighted
- Signing In Cinema
Life happens in real time. Sometimes we read about it. More rarely, we are there. And after, we wish that we could have practiced a little bit before being thrown into it.
Where to Judge The Auditorium
There is no perfect answer for “Where should I be to judge the screen and sound system?”
Actually, we don’t need to be in a “perfect” place. We just need a consistent place – measure from the same place every time, and make certain everyone is measuring from the same place every time. That way the technician will know that an increase of decrease is not caused by measuring from a different place.
Still…the question is: Where?
One group of experts will say that you should judge from so many “Screen Heights” away.
A screen height is just like it sounds, and a little difficult to evaluate exactly. In the movie theater, if a screen is 64 feet wide, then the height is 27 feet high. Maybe. Because there are two different standards for screens.
After you figure how high the screen is – depending on which expert you listen to – you go back 2 screen heights to judge things. Is the screen 64 feet wide? Go back 54 feet back from the screen. 32 feet wide? 27 feet back. A 32 foot wide screen? 18 feet back. (Apologies to all those who use meters. Apologies to all those who hate math.)
Masking the Problem
One problem with this process is that sometimes the screen is wider or taller than other times. That’s because movie screens are supposed to have a movable piece of wood, totally wrapped in light-absorbing clothe to make a black barrier on the sides, top and bottom. These devices, moved with motors and chains, are called ‘masking’. They change positions depending on how the movie is supposed to look.
There are two main categories how movies are supposed to look – Flat and Scope.
Flat is more square, so the apparent screen height goes higher, and the sides come in to make the screen more narrow. Scope is obviously more wide than tall. In a general sense, Scope allows more scenery and space around the actors, and Flat keeps the actors at the center of the story. (We will learn more about Flat and Scope in the lessons What Does It Mean: Scope and Flat?.
There is another technique that we won’t discuss but it should be known in case you have to deal with an engineer. They might say that you need to sit some place where your viewing angle is between 45 degrees and 60 degrees. If you want to get the tools to measure this, have fun. This may be the most natural distance since it puts the edge of the screen at a comfortable position for your sight. You see everything onscreen without seeing too much of anything else – especially those glaring EXIT signs!
But it still doesn’t easily put you in the same row consistently, or make it easy to tell another person who is trying to do the same thing as you.
There is another method that technicians use for the measurement point. They say ‘two-thirds back’. This means that they will divide the length of the auditorium by 3, then multiply by 2, and place their equipment there.
Imagine that the auditorium is 90 feet long, you divide by 3 to get 30 feet, then multiply by 2 to get 60 feet. Go 60 feet from the screen, walk to the center of that row and set up for your testing.
Easier to write than do?
Because who really knows the length of the auditoriums?
There is an easy way!
One way to figure out the length is to count the ceiling tiles of the auditorium. Count them, divide by 3 to get the 1/3rd amount, and count them again from the back wall until you reach the 1/3rd amount. Find the closest convenient row, walk to the middle, get comfortable. You are 2/3rds back!
In the example here, we look up and count – there are 12, almost 13, tiles from front to back. If we divide by 3 we get 4-plus a little. We go to the back, count forward 4 plus a little. Look down and choose the most convenient row to sit in. Walk to the center seat.
Oh, and where is the center seat? Look up to see the port window that the projector shines though. That will almost always be the center of the screen. If the screen isn’t in the center of the room – for example, if there is an exit door on one side of the front wall – the center of the room for the sound system will be a couple of feet to one side of the port window. Make your adjustment but don’t go crazy. It really won’t make too much of a difference for these simple tests.
Here is the most important part: Have fun. Notice a little more each day. You represent the customer, you represent the movie makers, you represent the cinema owner’s desire and everyone’s responsibility to give the best presentation possible. Be proud of that.
Let’s talk about that Online Checklist next, OK?